What is Muck Diving?


Muck. Yuck. Right? Wrong! 

If you have never heard of muck diving before, it does sound completely unappealing and actually the reality of what you are doing is essentially as it sounds. Muck diving, critter diving, rubble diving – whatever you call it, is poorly named and gives a negative connotation for an environment where ones’ eyes widen again and again with each fascinating new critter.

but for underwater photographers this environment characterized by a seemingly barren silty, sand bottom can yield some of the best macro opportunities.


Pack Your Bags - Scuba Diving Lembeh Strait

Lembeh Strait is regarded as one of the best diving spots in the world when it comes to muck diving.

” Muck diving gets its name from the sediment that lies beneath most dives: A normally muddy or “mucky” environment. Other than the muddy sediment, the standard muck dive may consist of dead coral skeletons, discarded fishing equipment, tires and other man-made garbage. In addition, the visibility is usually sub-par to the reef or wreck sites of the area.”

A dive in Lembeh Strait is a unique experience with no equals in the world.


Master of Camouflage


Scientists uncover how colorful pygmy seahorses camouflage themselves. 

Pygmy seahorses are fragile and tiny, they could have been included in our list of animals tiny enough to sit on your finger.

Yet their smallness becomes an advantage when combined with their amazing ability to disguise themselves as bits of coral. They’re found on bright orange or purple corals, blending in and avoiding the notice of predators.

But how did the seahorses come to be the right color? Biologists at the California Academy of Sciences set out to answer this question:

Lost Egyptian City Found


After 1200 years under the Sea. The ruins of the lost city just found 30 feet under the surface of the Mediterranean Sea in Aboukir Bay, near Alexandria seriously Unbelievable.

The city dates back to the 6th century B.C. and holds some of the most beautiful artifacts you could imagine. Things like grand statues of gods and goddesses standing well over 15 feet tall and carved out of red granite, treasures of gold and rare stones, elaborate temples and enormous tablets. This find is enormous in the historical preservation community and has been commissioned by museums around the world.


Weird Octopus Genetics

Photographer: Gabriel Barathieu

In case you weren’t aware, coleoid cephalopods (octopus, squids, and cuttlefish) are pretty cool.

Exhibit A: giant squids can grow to be up to 43 feet long and were likely the inspiration for various well-known sea monster tales.

Exhibit B: cuttlefish are known to put on amazing camouflaging color change performances.

Exhibit C: the octopus. The amazingly intelligent mollusk that is the Harry Houdinis of the underwater world.

After all that how could they possibly get cooler?  Thanks to some crazy newly released research involving RNA editing.


Holiday Drinks

mai tai, interior of Don the Beachcomber Restaurant, Sunset Beach, CA

PR images, free, no photo credit


As the holiday season ramps up, chances are you’ll find yourself hosting a fete, dishing out appetizers and whipping up some fun, festive cocktails for your guests.

But without fail, you’ll also need to provide libations for people who don’t or can’t drink booze, such as your pregnant best friend, a detoxing neighbor, underage revelers and teetotalers.

But why subject them to boring soda when you can create a line up of beverages that taste amazing with or without liquor. For your next holiday party, try one of these five concoctions, and wow the whole crowd.

5 Star Review - Raja Ampat

Papua Explorers Dive Resort

Papua Explorers Resort, Indonesia 

by Pleistocene

I’ve been diving all over the world and I’m on a mission to find the world’s best dive sites. Raja Ampat is definitely a world class diving destination, with an amazing variety of fish and critters as well as incredible hard and soft coral.

Papua Explorer is a remote but exotic resort, and the bungalows over the water can’t be beat.    Each day was an exciting excursion to explore fantastic dive sites as we never knew what we would see that was unique to the area


Divers Find Camera


When they learn the story behind the photos they are stunned.  

Beau Doherty and Tella Osler are marine biology students who often explore the ocean floor, studying starfish and other fascinating aquatic life.  On one adventure, they came across something that clearly did not belong. It was covered in algae and rusted like an antique, but they looked closer—and realized it was a digital camera.

The photos taken weren’t of just another family reunion. A Familyhad gathered together to spread his mother and father’s ashes by the sea.

“That was a group family photo from that event,” he said. “Getting the camera, or the photos back, that’s really quite wonderful.”


How the Philippines’ Coral Heart Keeps Beating

As corals worldwide find themselves besieged, Tubbataha Reef remains shockingly pristine. Why?

In all, some 600 species of fish and 360 coral species—about half of all known species—call Tubbataha home. The park’s islets also host the last seabird rookery in the Philippines, providing refuge to 100 species of birds.

“All of the signs are that Tubbataha Reef is nearing what we believe to be the true natural state,” says John McManus, a marine biologist at the Rosenstiel School at the University of Miami. “This is an amazing thing that’s happened.”


U.S. Postal Sharks Stamps


The U.S. Postal Service will celebrate the wonder of sharks by issuing the Sharks Forever stamps featuring five species that inhabit American waters — the mako, thresher, great white, hammerhead and whale sharks. 

Each realistic stamp image is labeled by species: “MAKO SHARK,” “THRESHER SHARK,” “GREAT WHITE SHARK,” “WHALE SHARK,” and “HAMMERHEAD SHARK.” Styled in lowercase letters, the words “usa forever” also appear on each stamp.


Love the Ocean

Photo by Pete Oxford/Minden Pictures

7 things travelers can do to care for whales, sea turtles and other sealife.

Whether you swim, snorkel, whale-watch or enjoy walking barefoot in the sand, nothing beats an ocean escape.

And since the ocean can’t escape us, Jim Covel of the Monterey Bay Aquarium thinks travelers — and really everyone — should think about adopting ocean-friendly measures at home and on the road.

” The ocean starts at your house,” says the aquarium’s director of guest experience training and interpretation. “What goes down the drain and on the ground at your house winds up in the ocean faster than you can imagine.”

Here are seven ways travelers can help protect marine life at home and on the road.

Saving the Worlds Ocean's is This Marine Biologist Pursuit

Sylvia Earle, an unstoppable force at 81, wants 20% of Earth’s oceans declared protected marine areas by 2020.

If there’s ever a Mount Rushmore for conservationists, Sylvia Earle’s likeness would surely be among those carved in granite.

Or perhaps coral might be more a more fitting sculpture material for Earle, one of the world’s most relentless ocean conservationists, who’s been at the frontier of ocean exploration for more than 60 years.

The marine biologist has spent more than 7,000 hours underwater, led over a hundred expeditions, and served as chief scientist for the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration with a drive and tenacity that’s earned her sobriquets such as “Her Royal Deepness’’ by colleagues, “Hero for the Planet” by Time magazine, and Living Legend” by the Library of Congress.

Your Ears Ruining Dives?


You’ve completed your final checks; you jump into the water, signal to show you’re ready and begin your decent. You try to equalize, but nothing happens, you try again but still nothing happens and now you feel discomfort.

Do you continue trying to descend or end your dive before it has even begun? It is incredible to think that almost every diver at some point in their diving career will suffer with ear and equalizing issues.

What if you could prevent equalizing issues and never have to worry about losing out on a dive again?

New Giant Sunfish

hoodwinker 2

 has evaded scientist for years.

The massive ocean sunfish — an odd-looking fish with a flat, rigid, tailless body — is not only the world’s largest bony fish, but also one of the most elusive fishes in the world.

Now, for the first time in 130 years, scientists have identified and described a new species of this giant fish that they say has been “hiding in plain sight for centuries”. The Hoodwinker sunfish can weigh up to two metric tonnes and can grow up to 2.5 meters (over eight feet), the team estimates. The fish’s slim, sleek body doesn’t change much between juveniles and adults and it doesn’t develop lumps and bumps during its growth like other sunfish species.


Wishing Everyone a Happy Holiday Season

For those who celebrate Christmas, tree decorating comes once a year, but in the world’s tropical seas, ’tis always the season!  The common name for these worms is derived from their appearance with beautiful, spiraling plumes that resemble a fir tree, not their habitat or diet.

To get into the holiday spirit, we’ve rounded up some of our favorite facts about these colourful creatures, starting with the obvious:

Christmas tree worms (Spirobranchus giganteus) are a type of polychaete a group of segmented worms that contains over 13,000 Species  And just like their cousins the sea Mice   and feather dusters unassuming invertebrates put on quite the eye-catching display.


As a THANKS to Our Viewers For Becoming Part of the SDR Community

Every month thru Dec 2017, We are GIVING AWAY one dive or leisure package

To the GEM of  BELIZE

 St. George’s Caye Resort

Starting January, 2018 We are adding a fabulous trip to Kungkungang Bay Resort, critter capitol of the world.  Stay Tuned for details





Introducing GAIA LOVE

New Indonesia Live-Aboard

The Art of Fine Diving

With an emphasis for diving in comfort the modern 40 meters steel hull vessel was built from the ground up in Batam, Indonesia. It is purpose built to sail and explore the far reach regions of Indonesia


Solitude NOW in Indonesia!


LEMBEH, INDONESIA -Kasawari Lembeh Resort to be rebranded as Solitude Lembeh Resort as of 13 November 2017.

This property, the first of Solitude in Resorts, to be added to the Solitude portfolio boasts 5100m2 of waterfront land located in Lembeh, Bitung – the muck-diving “capital” of the world.


Volivoli - New Dive Boat

FIJI – A New addition to the purpose built Dive Fleet at Ra Divers, Volivoli Beach Resort.

The  Hydrofoil Catamaran will offer divers more stability at rest and under power, also offering the added benefit of more room on the dive deck.


NAI'A Live-Aboard For Sale


After 25 glorious years with NAI’A, it pains us to offer her for sale. But Cat’s and my girls are just beginning their teenage odyssey while Todd and Alexx’s kids are well and truly launched and building their own lives in Fiji.  If you or your adult children or friends are considering a sea change, this is an opportunity to step into an exciting and profitable turn-key business in a gorgeous, peaceful nation in the South Pacific.

The company is profitable. We have forward bookings for Fiji into 2020 and our whale swim charters in Tonga are full through 2021. NAI’A is at the top of her game.


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