Scuba Diving Federate State of Micronesia
Micronesia or full name Federal State of Micronesia has reefs and ocean are some of the cleanest and clearest waters in the world and are comfortable for diving and snorkeling all the year round.
The 607-island nation that is the Federated States of Micronesia is one of the most remote and beautiful places on earth. About the size of the continental US, the Federated States of Micronesia sits in the heart of the Caroline Islands Archipelago, a vast seascape that extends from Palau in the west to Kiribati in the east. Situated within a rich center of biodiversity at the convergence of the major currents of the Indian Ocean, the Philippine Sea and the great Pacific Ocean, it is home to some of the world’s greatest coral reefs and the best pelagic fisheries remaining in the world today.
The FSM is made up of four groups of island states from west to east: Yap, Chuuk (Truk), Pohnpei and Kosrae. Each has considerable autonomy and each is equally unique with its own geography, ecology, language and culture.
The four states have distinct cultures, traditions and identities, as colourful and diverse as the multitudes of coral formations that live in their fringing reefs. Chuuk is renowned for its wreck diving – explore an underwater WWII ‘museum’ that’s hailed as one of the world’s ultimate aquatic experiences; Yap is the most traditional state, resisting the onslaught of Western mores with true island spirit; Kosrae is a Pacific paradise, possibly the FSM’s most beautiful island; while Pohnpei is home to mysterious ancient ruins and a plethora of lush landforms.
This cultural identity is exhibited by the 17 indigenous languages used and very much alive today.
SCUBDA DIVING IN Federal State of Micronesia
FSM reefs and ocean are some of the cleanest and clearest waters in the world and are comfortable for diving and snorkeling all the year round. Schools of tuna, barracuda and trevaly, pods of dolphins, turtles, Grouper aggregations and colorful collections of many tropical fish are commonly found. Yap and Pohnpei are famous for their world-renowned reef passes that have large groupings of giant manta rays, where divers and snorkelers can encounter these magnificent and gentle creatures up close and personal as the mantas feed on nutrients and plankton year-round. In Kosrae, it is not unusual for the visibility under the water on and around the pristine fringing reef of the island to reach 60. There are over 172 types of hard coral and 10 types of soft coral, with an abundance of beautiful sea anemones and over 250 species of reef fish as well as other pelagic species that often venture near to the reef. Grey reef sharks, which are known to be quite harmless, are also a constant presence in and around the fringing reef. Chuuk Lagoon is the known as the wreck diving capital of the world and any diver worth his or her salt should dive the sunken armada of the Japanese Fourth Imperial Fleet at least once in their lifetime.
Federal State of Micronesia DIVE AREAS
Yap is world famous for its large population of resident manta rays. On Yap a manta dive does not mean diving and hoping for a manta encounter, it means diving to see mantas. They have a number of dive sites with Manta Cleaning Stations, where the mantas just hover and “line up” for the service. Although the manta dives in Yap are the main reason to visit the island, there is also some reef diving around the islands.With almost 100 miles of barrier reef, several big channels and lagoon sites, there is one of everything here to explore – miles of outer reef wall diving, deep and shallow channels to drift as well as inner lagoon macro and night diving.
A major WWII battle left the lagoon floor littered with WWII Japanese freight and armed military ships during Operation Hailstorm. Decades later, they have become natural reefs, adorned in coral with homes for fish but with all of the war artifacts still aboard. They are fascinating sites to visit and most are shallow enough for all experience levels of divers. The ships are now thickly overgrown reefs with over 700 fish species and nearly 400 corals plus numerous invertebrates.
Pohnpei is the most westernized state in Micronesia and its capital, is also the largest and tallest island. Its peaks get plenty of rainfall annually and this creates more than 40 rivers that feed the lush upper rain forest.
Pohnpei is upon a “stone altar” Nothing like it anywhere in the world! Full of Magic, Mystery, and Tradition of ancient culture-today! Where the past is today but modernized.
It is cast in quiet images of sunny, unspoiled beaches, caressed by crystal waters and deep blue skies. Vivid green is the color of it’s tropical mindscape and calm is the color of it’s fragrant refreshing air. The adventures it invites us to find … if only the dream were real.
The island we love to imagine could well be beautiful Kosrae, pleasure calls in the smiles of its gracious people, in the lure of its sea for fishing and play, and most of all in its restful, scenic way of life. Rich in historical sites and ruins, this jewel of Micronesia was a favorite haven of pirate Bully Hayes.
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